The legends and myths behind the most significant constellations in Greek mythology

The Legends and Myths Behind the Most Significant Constellations in Greek Mythology

The Big Dipper (Ursa Major)

According to Greek mythology, the Big Dipper constellation represents the nymph Callisto, who had a romantic relationship with the god Zeus. However, when Zeus' wife Hera discovered the affair, she transformed Callisto into a bear. Zeus, feeling guilty, placed Callisto in the sky as the Big Dipper to immortalize her. The constellation is also known as Ursa Major, which means "Great Bear" in Latin.


The story of Orion in Greek mythology is that he was a skilled hunter who boasted that he could kill any beast on Earth. This claim angered the goddess Artemis, who sent a giant scorpion to kill him. After his death, Artemis immortalized Orion by placing him in the sky as the constellation we know today. Orion is recognizable for his belt of three stars and is one of the easiest constellations to spot in the night sky.

The Pleiades (Seven Sisters)

The Pleiades is a cluster of seven stars that are named after the seven sisters of Greek mythology. The sisters were the daughters of the titan Atlas and the sea-nymph Pleione. According to the myth, after their mother died, Zeus placed them in the sky to protect them from Orion's pursuit. Today, the Pleiades are easily visible in the winter sky and have been a subject of fascination and study for centuries.


Perseus is a constellation named after the Greek hero who defeated the Gorgon Medusa. According to legend, Perseus was tasked with killing Medusa and retrieving her head to use as a weapon. With the help of the goddess Athena, Perseus was able to defeat the monster and escape her wrath. Today, the constellation is easily recognizable for its distinctive "W" shape, composed of several bright stars.


Hydra is the longest constellation in the sky and is named after the many-headed serpent that Hercules fought as one of his twelve labors. According to the myth, the Hydra had the ability to grow two heads for every one that was cut off, making it nearly impossible to defeat. Despite this challenge, Hercules was able to defeat the beast with the help of his nephew and charioteer, Iolaus.

In conclusion, the constellations in Greek mythology are a fascinating and enduring part of our cultural heritage. From the Big Dipper to Orion to the Pleiades, each constellation tells a story that has been passed down for centuries. The stars have inspired poets and philosophers throughout history and continue to inspire wonder and curiosity today.

The legends and myths behind the most significant constellations in Greek mythology